An analysis of pericles funeral oration from the history of the peloponnesian war

For this offering of their lives made in common by them all they each of them individually received that renown which never grows old, and for a sepulchre, not so much that in which their bones have been deposited, but that noblest of shrines wherein their glory is laid up to be eternally remembered upon every occasion on which deed or story shall call for its commemoration.

Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. These passages suggest that the Spartans had the foresight to see that because this war was so devastating to both sides, the Athenians desired peace as much as they did.

The logic in this sound argument is easy to understand when you take a step back, Pericles flatters the audience and gives them something worth fighting for, he then asks for more sacrifice and the audience is so moved by the speech that they will gladly do anything for their leader.

Athenian statesmen were extremely well educated in all fields, no matter what position they held in the city, meaning that though he was serving in the military as a general, Pericles was well versed and educated in politics, societal matters, arts, drama, and culture.

That part of our history which tells of the military achievements which gave us our several possessions, or of the ready valour with which either we or our fathers stemmed the tide of Hellenic or foreign aggression, is a theme too familiar to my hearers for me to dilate on, and I shall therefore pass it by.

Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian Democracy

The Spartans, however, were met with the unforeseen when the Athenians refused the truce without the acceptance of their terms. This another clear example of how Thucydides suggests that war is a violent teacher, being that, the Peloponnesian War has caused the state of Corcyra to fall under absolute disorder, as fellow citizens were now butchering each other.

Believing that their lives would not last long, people began to openly engage in activities that were previously kept hidden and quick and easy satisfactions became the only thing that people sought after 2. The line is not meant to apply to the listeners exclusively, but the dead soldiers as well earning him credibility with their families and friends.

The ambitious new leader of the conservatives, Thucydides, accused Pericles of profligacy, criticizing the way he spent the money for an ongoing building plan. Our public men have, besides politics, their private affairs to attend to, and our ordinary citizens, though occupied with the pursuits of industry, are still fair judges of public matters; for, unlike any other nation, regarding him who takes no part in these duties not as unambitious but as useless, we Athenians are able to judge at all events if we cannot originate, and, instead of looking on discussion as a stumbling-block in the way of action, we think it an indispensable preliminary to any wise action at all.

In addition, he ties all of his compliments together as if they were all one logical argument explaining Athenian superiority. Athenian… This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War.

C are unknown, it's purpose, meaning, and eloquence was captured by his good friend Thucydides. Rather, the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be ours, since we have not left our power without witness, but have shown it by mighty proofs; and far from needing a Homer for our panegyrist, or other of his craft whose verses might charm for the moment only for the impression which they gave to melt at the touch of fact, we have forced every sea and land to be the highway of our daring, and everywhere, whether for evil or for good, have left imperishable monuments behind us.

Athens, is a nutshell, was difficult to contend with. Having to stave off several personal attacks Pericles was experienced in saying the right thing at the right time.

Kagan The bodies of the dead would be taken to tents for three days so relatives could mourn.

Pericles Funeral Speech Analysis Essay

And if our more remote ancestors deserve praise, much more do our own fathers, who added to their inheritance the empire which we now possess, and spared no pains to be able to leave their acquisitions to us of the present generation. And surely, to a man of spirit, the degradation of cowardice must be immeasurably more grievous than the unfelt death which strikes him in the midst of his strength and patriotism!

The first theme, fitting in that the speech was given at a funeral for war heroes, is that the most valiant way a man can live and die is in service of freedom and his city — in this case Athens. In a statement oozing with patriotism, Pericles proclaims: Kagan In BC, the conservative and the democratic factions confronted each other in a fierce struggle.

And now, when you have duly lamented, everyone his own dead, you may depart. But what was the road by which we reached our position, what the form of government under which our greatness grew, what the national habits out of which it sprang; these are questions which I may try to solve before I proceed to my panegyric upon these men; since I think this to be a subject upon which on the present occasion a speaker may properly dwell, and to which the whole assemblage, whether citizens or foreigners, may listen with advantage.

This is not the only instance in which the idea of war teaching violence is displayed. On the one hand, the friend who is familiar with every fact of the story may think that some point has not been set forth with that fullness which he wishes and knows it to deserve; on the other, he who is a stranger to the matter may be led by envy to suspect exaggeration if he hears anything above his own nature.

Before reading Pericles' speech, it is crucial that one understands who Pericles was, and what he meant to Athens. The last part of the ceremony was a speech delivered by a prominent Athenian citizen.

Analysis of Pericles' Funeral oration Analysis of Pericles: Pericles is a master of the language of inspiration; with both sensory and figurative imagery he is able to gain empathy from the audience.

Pericles' Funeral Oration

Additionally, in the latter part of Book 1 he clearly illustrates how important these notions are to the Athenians and Spartans with speeches from both of them accordingly.Abdulaziz Alrediny History (Core ) 06 – 05 – Professor: M.

Swanson Funeral Oration by Pericles In the Aftermath of the Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta, Pericles, Athens’ general and statesmen, delivered a powerfully comforting eulogy to the polis of Athens, assuring the people that their city state is in good hands, and easing the pain of all the families and.

Hillsdale College. Thucydides: Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War The analysis below is based on a funeral procession that Athenians held for the fallen soldiers during the battles of the Peloponnesian war%(2). The historian Thucydides wrote about the speech of Pericles in his “History of the Peloponnesian War.” Thucydides wrote that the speech was reproduced from his memory and was a loose account only.

This speech became known as Pericles' Funeral Oration, and it occurred in B.C., just after the start of war. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War.

At such a time of high emotions and patriotism – Pericles has not one theme but several. In BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed.

After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles.

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An analysis of pericles funeral oration from the history of the peloponnesian war
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